Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2018  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 476--483

Effect of freeze drying on stability, thermo-responsive characteristics, and in vivo wound healing of erythropoietin-loaded trimethyl chitosan/glycerophosphate hydrogel


Vajihe Akbari1, Mahboubeh Rezazadeh2, Mohsen Minayian3, Marjan Amirian2, Azadeh Moghadas4, Ardeshir Talebi5 
1 Department of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology and Isfahan Pharmaceutical Research Center, School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, I.R. Iran
2 Department of Pharmaceutics and Novel Drug Delivery System Research Center, School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, I.R. Iran
3 Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, I.R. Iran
4 Department of Clinical pharmacy, School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, I.R. Iran
5 Pathology Department, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, I. R. Iran

Correspondence Address:
Mahboubeh Rezazadeh
Department of Pharmaceutics and Novel Drug Delivery System Research Center, School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan
I.R. Iran

Erythropoietin (EPO) was successfully incorporated into a bioadhesive thermosensitive hydrogel based on trimethyl chitosan (TMC)/β-glycerophosphate (GP) for prevention and treatment of oral mucositis in cancerous patients. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of freeze drying on thermo-responsive property of the hydrogel and structural stability of the loaded protein. The freeze-dried EPO-loaded hydrogel were characterized using various methods. Gelation property by rheological analysis, EPO aggregation in formulations by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), protein secondary structure by far ultraviolet-circular dichroism (CD), and the antigenic activity of EPO with ELISA techniques. The healing effects of the freeze-dried formulation was also investigated in Sprague-Dawley rats with chemotherapy-induced mucositis and compared with freshly prepared mixture. Finally, the retention time of the gel in the oral cavity was assessed in healthy volunteers. SDS-PAGE, CD, and ELISA confirmed the stability of conformational structure of loaded and released EPO. Severity of mucositis was markedly reduced in animals treated with freeze-dried EPO hydrogel; whereas the group received normal saline did not show any significant healing. EPO salvia level was decreased rapidly following EPO solution compared to the gel application. Approximately, 40% of EPO was maintained on the buccal areas in patients receiving the hydrogel system after 30 min. Therefore, the TMC/GP could preserve EPO stability after freeze drying and has the potential in the treatment of oral mucositis and other oral or subcutaneous wounds.


How to cite this article:
Akbari V, Rezazadeh M, Minayian M, Amirian M, Moghadas A, Talebi A. Effect of freeze drying on stability, thermo-responsive characteristics, and in vivo wound healing of erythropoietin-loaded trimethyl chitosan/glycerophosphate hydrogel.Res Pharma Sci 2018;13:476-483


How to cite this URL:
Akbari V, Rezazadeh M, Minayian M, Amirian M, Moghadas A, Talebi A. Effect of freeze drying on stability, thermo-responsive characteristics, and in vivo wound healing of erythropoietin-loaded trimethyl chitosan/glycerophosphate hydrogel. Res Pharma Sci [serial online] 2018 [cited 2019 Apr 20 ];13:476-483
Available from: http://www.rpsjournal.net/article.asp?issn=1735-5362;year=2018;volume=13;issue=6;spage=476;epage=483;aulast=Akbari;type=0